Instead, Hammond responded by inviting Dylan to his office and persuading him to sign a "reaffirment"—agreeing to abide by the original contract. This effectively neutralized Grossman's strategy, and led to some animosity between Grossman and Hammond. On September 22, Dylan appeared for the first time at Carnegie Hallpart of an all-star hootenanny.
On this occasion, he premiered his new composition " A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall ",  a complex and powerful song built upon the question and answer refrain pattern of the traditional British ballad " Lord Randall ". In the sleeve notes on the Freewheelin ' album, Nat Hentoff quotes Dylan as saying that he wrote "Hard Rain" in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis: "Every line in it is actually the start of a whole new song. But when I wrote it, I thought I wouldn't have enough time alive to write all those songs so I put all I could into this one".
Dylan resumed work on Freewheelin ' at Columbia's Studio A on October 26, when a major innovation took place—Dylan made his first studio recordings with a backing band. An 'alternate take' of "Corrina, Corrina" from the same session would also be Rain Crow Bill - Doc Watson - Home Again!
(CD for the b-side of "Mixed Up Confusion", Dylan's first electric single issued later in the year. At the next recording session on November 1, the band included Art Davis on bass, while jazz guitarist George Barnes replaced Howie Collins.
A take of the third song, "Rocks and Gravel", was selected for the album, but the track was subsequently dropped. On November 14, Dylan resumed work with his backup band, this time with Gene Ramey on bass, devoting most of the session to recording "Mixed-Up Confusion". Although this track did not appear on Freewheelin 'it was released as a single on December 14,and then swiftly withdrawn.
Cameron Crowe described it as "a fascinating look at a folk artist with his mind wandering towards Elvis Presley and Sun Records ". Also recorded on November 14 was the new composition " Don't Think Twice, It's All Right " Clinton Heylin writes that, although the sleeve notes of Freewheelin ' describe this song as being accompanied by a backing band, no band is audible on the released version.
Dylan held another session at Studio A on December 6. Dylan also made another attempt at "Whatcha Gonna Do" and recorded a new song, "Hero Blues", but both songs were ultimately rejected and left unreleased. Twelve days later, Dylan made his first trip abroad. Dylan arrived in London on December In the play, Dylan performed "Blowin' in the Wind" and two other songs. Martin Carthy's incredible. I learned a lot of stuff from Martin. Carthy taught Dylan two English songs that would prove important for the Freewheelin ' album.
Carthy's arrangement of " Scarborough Fair " would be used by Dylan as the basis of his own composition, " Girl from the North Country ". Both songs displayed Dylan's fast-growing ability to take traditional melodies and use them as a basis for highly personal songwriting. Dylan worked on his new material, and when he returned to London, Martin Carthy received a surprise: "When he came back from Italy, he'd written 'Girl From the North Country'; he came down to the Troubadour and said, 'Hey, here's "Scarborough Fair"' and he started playing this thing.
Dylan flew back to New York on January 16, Dylan's keenness to record his new material for Freewheelin ' paralleled a dramatic power struggle in the studio: Albert Grossman's determination to have John Hammond replaced as Dylan's producer at CBS. According to Dylan biographer Howard Sounes"The two men could not have been more different. Grossman was a Jewish businessman with a shady past, hustling to become a millionaire.
Wilson recalled: "I didn't even particularly like folk music. I'd been recording Sun Ra and Coltrane I thought folk music was for the dumb guys. I was flabbergasted. Dylan had told Sullivan he would perform "Talkin' John Birch Paranoid Blues", but the "head of program practices" at CBS Television informed Dylan that this song was potentially libelous to the John Birch Societyand asked him to perform another number. Rather than comply with TV censorship, Dylan refused to appear on the show.
Anthony Scaduto writes that after The Ed Sullivan Show debacle, CBS lawyers were alarmed to discover that the controversial song was to be included on Dylan's new album, only a few weeks from its release date. Scaduto writes that Dylan felt "crushed" by being compelled to submit to censorship, but he was in no position to argue.
Heylin suggests that CBS had probably forced Dylan to withdraw "John Birch" from the album some weeks earlier and that Dylan had responded by recording his new material on April A few copies of the original pressing of the LP with the four deleted tracks have turned up over the years, despite Columbia's supposed destruction of all copies during the pre-release phase all copies found were in the standard album sleeve with the revised track selection.
Other permutations of the Freewheelin ' album include versions with a different running order of the tracks on the album, and a Canadian version of the album that listed the tracks in the wrong order. According to Alan Lomax's The Folk Songs of North Americathe song originated in Canada and was sung by former slaves who fled there after Britain abolished slavery in InDylan acknowledged the source when he told journalist Marc Rowland: "'Blowin' in the Wind' has always been a spiritual.
I took it off a song called 'No More Auction Block'—that's a spiritual and 'Blowin' in the Wind' follows the same feeling. Critic Andy Gill wrote: " 'Blowin' in the Wind' marked a huge jump in Dylan's songwriting: for the first time, Dylan discovered the effectiveness of moving from the particular to the general. Whereas 'The Ballad of Donald White' would become completely redundant as soon as the eponymous criminal was executed, a song as vague as 'Blowin' in the Wind' could be applied to just about any freedom issue.
It remains the song with which Dylan's name is most inextricably linked, and safeguarded his reputation as a civil libertarian through any number of changes in style and attitude. They and Dylan both shared the same manager: Albert Grossman. The single sold a phenomenal three hundred thousand copies in the first week of release.
On July 13,it reached number two on the Billboard chart with sales exceeding one million copies. There has been much speculation in print about the identity of the girl in " Girl from the North Country ". Clinton Heylin states that the most frequently mooted candidates are Echo Helstrom, an early girlfriend of Dylan from his hometown of Hibbingand Suze Rotolofor whom Dylan was pining as he finished the song in Italy.
In the song, a supernatural character poses a series of questions to an innocent, requesting her to perform impossible tasks. Harvey points out that Dylan "retains the idea of the listener being sent upon a task, a northern place setting, and an antique lyric quality".
A scathing song directed against the war industry, " Masters of War " is based on Jean Ritchie 's arrangement of " Nottamun Town ", an English riddle song. It was written in late while Dylan was in London; eyewitnesses including Martin Carthy and Anthea Joseph recall Dylan performing the song in folk clubs at the time.
Dylan composed " Down the Highway " in the form of a bar blues. In the sleeve notes of Freewheelin 'Dylan explained to Nat Hentoff : "What made the real blues singers so great is that they were able to state all the problems they had; but at the same time, they were standing outside of them and could look at them.
And in that way, they had them beat. I start with an idea and then I feel what follows. Best way I can describe this one is that it's sort of like walking by a side street. You gaze in and walk on. Dylan was only 21 years old when he wrote one of his most complex songs, " A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall ", often referred to as "Hard Rain". Dylan is said to have premiered "Hard Rain" at the Gaslight Cafewhere Village performer Peter Blankfield recalled: "He put out these pieces of loose-leaf paper ripped out of a spiral notebook.
And he starts singing ['Hard Rain'] He finished singing it, and no one could say anything. The length of it, the episodic sense of it. Every line kept building and bursting". The song gained added resonance during the Cuban Missile Crisisjust one month after Dylan's first performance of "Hard Rain", when U.
President John F. Kennedy gave his warning to the Soviet Union over their deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. Critics have interpreted the lyric 'hard rain' as a reference to nuclear falloutbut Dylan resisted the specificity of this interpretation.
In a radio interview with Studs Terkel inDylan said. It isn't the fallout rain. I mean some sort of end that's just gotta happen … In the last verse, when I say, 'the pellets of poison are flooding the waters', that means all the lies that people get told on their radios and in their newspapers. Many people were astonished by the power and complexity of this work. For Robert Sheltonwho had given Dylan an important boost in his review in The New York Timesthis song was "a landmark in topical, folk-based songwriting.
Here blooms the promised fruit of the s poetry-jazz fusion of GinsbergFerlinghettiand Rexroth. It's a statement that maybe you can say to make yourself feel better.
It's as if you were talking to yourself. Dylan's contemporaries hailed the song as a masterpiece: Bob Spitz quotes Paul Stookey saying "I thought it was a masterful statement", while Dave Van Ronk called it "self-pitying but brilliant". The phrase "don't think twice, it's all right" could be snarled, sung with resignation, or delivered with an ambiguous mixture of bitterness and regret.
Seldom have the contradictory emotions of a thwarted lover been so well expressed, and the song transcended the autobiographical origins of Dylan's pain. Sir John Franklin had vanished on an expedition searching for the North West Passage in ; a stone cairn on King William Island detailing his demise was found by a later expedition in Todd Harvey points out that Dylan transforms the song into a personal journey, yet he retains both the theme and the mood of the original ballad.
The world outside is depicted as stormy and harsh, and Dylan's most fervent wish, like Lady Franklin's, is to be reunited with departed companions and to relive the fond memories they represent. When Meredith first tried to attend classes at the school, some Mississippians pledged to keep the university segregated, including the state governor Ross Barnett.
Ultimately, the Album) of Mississippi had to be integrated with the help of U. Dylan responded rapidly: his song was published in the November issue of Broadside. The "talkin' blues" was a style of improvised songwriting that Woody Guthrie had developed to a high plane.
He recorded five takes of the song and the fifth was selected for the album. Forever a rolling stone: Dylan going on tour — through Bob Dylan is nothing if not confident. Valentino says it with flowers at Paris Fashion Week show Valentino gave its pared down fashion audience a taste of real Parisian life on Friday.
Alex Jones loses lawsuits over Sandy Hook 'hoax' conspiracy A Texas judge has found Infowars host and conspiracy theorist Alex Jones liable for damages in three defamation lawsuits related to his claims that the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting was a hoax.
In his dad's footsteps, Michael Gandolfini finds his own way Michael Gandolfini's face is thinner. John Richardson's final Picasso book arrives in November Few books have been more anticipated among art lovers.
Marie Osmond takes singing career in new symphonic direction The coronavirus pandemic brought the world to a halt. Britney's father is out, but scrutiny of him just beginning Britney Spears and her attorney have successfully driven her father from the conservatorship that runs her life and controls her money.
Remembering a relentless publicist, never too proud to beg Publicist Bobby Zarem has died at Retrieved 26 November Consequence of Sound.
Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 25 April Concert Hotels. Archived from the original on 14 August The Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 6 March The Music Radar. Archived from the original on 19 December Archived Album) the original on 16 April Retrieved 13 February Society of ROck.
Archived from the original on Album) February Archived from the original on 25 September Archived from the original on 16 February The Essential. Archived from the original on 5 March Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 23 December New York: Crown Archetype. New York: Ballantine Books. Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 1 September Archived from the original on 14 March Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 13 July Random House Books.
BBC News Online. Archived from the original on 24 April Archived from the original on 7 July Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 3 January The Telegraph.
Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 22 May Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 4 June Rolling Stone: Reviews. Archived from the original on 18 June Archived from the original on 29 June I Love You". Pepper recording sessions; Milespp. Archived from the original on 24 June Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 27 June Archived from Rain Crow Bill - Doc Watson - Home Again! (CD original on 6 January Retrieved 29 January World Preservation Foundation.
Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 16 January Archived from the original on 22 November Retrieved 8 December David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation. Archived from the original on 13 December Humane Society of the United States. Archived from the original on 1 November Archived from the original on 15 September Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 11 May Look to the Stars.
Archived from the original on 5 January Aid Still Required. Retrieved 11 May Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 17 May Archived from the original on 22 January Archived from the original on 4 November Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 17 July Everton Football Club. Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved 8 March Haymarket Media Group. Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 6 May Everton Banter.
Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 10 May John's Wood. McCartney Times. Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 25 August The Sydney Morning Herald.
Archived from the original on 14 June New England Motor Freight. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 17 October Daily News. Retrieved 15 September ABC News. Archived from the original on 8 September Crawdaddy February : 35— They had already argued about how the drum part should be played Archived from the original on 29 November The Complete How to Kazoo.
Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 2 August The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 5 November Guinness Book of World Records. London: Sterling Publishing. Guinness World Records London: Bantam Books. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 20 March Archived from the original on 19 July Guinness World Records.
Archived from the original on 10 September Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original on 21 March Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original on 2 March Archived from the original on 2 November Archived from the original on 14 May SBS News. Archived from the original on 28 October Retrieved 9 March The London Gazette Supplement. Archived from the original on 2 July Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 8 April — via YouTube.
Archived from the original on 8 April Retrieved 8 April Babiuk, Andy; Bacon, Tony editor Backbeat Books. Badman, Keith Benitez, Vincent Perez Benitez, Vincent P. Mark Osteen, — Tracking Pop Series. Blaney, John Lennon and McCartney: Together Alone 1st ed. Jawbone Press. Bronson, Fred Billboard Books. Brown, Peter ; Gaines, Steven New American Library. Buk, Askold Guitar World: Acoustic Carlin, Peter Ames Paul McCartney: A Life.
Doggett, Peter Emerick, Geoff ; Massey, Howard Everett, Walter The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver through the Anthology. Oxford University Press.
George-Warren, Holly, ed. Gould, Jonathan Three Rivers Press. Graff, Gary January Guitar World. Glenday, Craig editor Guinness World Records Ltd. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list link Harry, Bill a.
The Beatles Encyclopedia: Revised and Updated. Harry, Bill The George Harrison Encyclopedia. Harry, Bill b. The John Lennon Encyclopedia. The Paul McCartney Encyclopedia. Ingham, Chris The Rough Guide to The Beatles 3rd ed. Rough Guides. Jisi, Chris October Bass Player. Kastan, David Scott Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature.
Levy, Joe editor Wenner Books. March 9. March 8. March 7. March 6. March 4. March 2. February Morton - album producer, studio added - thanks to Lennart Gustavsson. ST Labels: aa-updated files. Older Posts Home.
Subscribe to: Posts Atom. Acknowledgements Thanks to Michel Rupplinot only for his books which I use daily, but also for a large amount of rare and unpublished data from his giant archive. Thanks to Mario Manciotti for sending session details daily Thanks to Kurt Rokitta for a lot of session info Thanks to Bill Daniels for sharing a lot of labels info Thanks to Lillies Ohlsson for many western swing contributions. Thanks to Kittra Moore for musicians and recording data Thanks to Dik de Heer f or many additions on rockabilly.
Thanks to Luiz Roberto Costa for helping me with the western genre. Thanks to Wolf Ruediger Sommerwho not only sent me additional data, but is also watch-dog, correcting my typos and other errors. Thanks to Robert Platt for priceless info on Canadian but not only artists.
Thanks to Phil Watson for hard work on Crown Prince of country music discography. Thanks to Walter Gabriel for filling the gaps in track listings of rare albums and various artists compilations. Thanks to Kent Heineman for many independent recordings info Thanks to Ken Nelson for bluegrass and more additions.
Witch 1/2 - Tippy Agogo - Soul-O-Works (Cassette, Album), Honky Tonk Women - The Rolling Stones - Gimme Shelter (Vinyl, LP), Read My Comics (All Night), Enno Bunger - Mit Grossen Schritten (CDr), Chasing The Dragon, Gone Girl - Tompall & The Glaser Brothers* - Greatest Hits (Vinyl, LP), Les Blouses Blanches, Kreep - Chino XL - Here To Save You All (CDr, Album), Im In A Different World - Four Tops - Anthology (Vinyl, LP), Dazee Age - DJ Dara - Full Circle (A Drum & Bass DJ Mix) (CD), What Can Daddy Do - Sniff n The Tears - The Games Up (Vinyl, LP, Album)