In the 11th century Ibn al-Haythamwho was familiar with Ptolemy's writings, described how colored lines on a spinning top could not be discerned as different colors but appeared as one new color composed of all of the colors of the lines. He deducted that sight needs some time to discern a color. Leonardo da Vinci wrote in a notebook: "Every body that moves rapidly seems to colour its path with the impression of its hue.
The truth of this proposition is seen from experience; thus when the lightning moves among dark clouds the speed of its sinuous flight makes its whole course resemble a luminous snake. So in like manner if you wave a lighted brand its whole course will seem a ring of flame. This is because the organ of perception acts more rapidly than the judgment. If this was done quickly enough, the alternating colours could no longer be perceived separately but were seen as white.
Newton compared its principle to the sparkler's trail effect: a gyrating burning coal could appear as a circle of fire because "the sensation of the coal in the several places of that circle remains impress'd on the sensorium, until the coal return again to the same place. In Patrick d'Arcy reported how he had measured a duration of 0.
He registered multiple rotations with a purpose-built machine in his garden and with the collaboration of an observer who had superior eyesight D'Arcy's own eyesight had been damaged in an accident. D'Arcy suspected that the duration may differ between different observers, light intensities of spinning objects, colours and viewing distances.
He planned further experiments to determine such possible differences,  but no results seem to have been published. It was dated Dec. The letter concluded: "The general principles on which this deception is based will immediately occur to your mathematical readers, but a perfect demonstration will probably prove less easy than it appears on first sight".
He added: "It is also to be noticed that, however rapidly the wheel revolves, each individual spoke, during the moment it is viewed, appears to be at rest. As a university student Joseph Plateau noticed in some of his early experiments that when looking from a small distance at two concentric cogwheels which turned fast in opposite directions, it produced the optical illusion of a motionless wheel.
He later read Peter Mark Roget's article and decided to investigate the phenomenon further. The discs could also be translucent and lit from behind through the slits of the counter-rotating disc.
Two instances of rotating wheels that appeared to stand still had been pointed out to him and he had read about the somewhat similar palisade illusion in Roget's article. Faraday started experimenting with rotations of toothed cardboard wheels. Several effects had already been described by Plateau, but Faraday also simplified the experiment by looking at a mirror through the spaces between the teeth in the circumference of the cardboard disc. He had cut concentric series of apertures nearer to the center of a disc representing smaller cogwheels with small differences in the amount of "cogs" per "wheel".
When looking at the mirror through the holes of one of the wheels in the rotating disc, that wheel seemed to stand still while the others would appear to move with different velocities or opposite direction. Plateau was inspired by Faraday's additional experiments and continued the research. In July Plateau sent a letter to Faraday and added an experimental circle with apparently abstract figures that produced a "completely immobile image of a little, perfectly regular horse" when rotated in front of a mirror.
Simon Stampfer claimed to have independently and almost simultaneously invented his very similar Stroboscopischen Scheiben oder optischen Zauberscheiben stroboscopic discs or optical magic discs soon after he read about Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix) findings in December Stampfer also mentioned several possible variations of his stroboscopic invention, including a cylinder similar to the later zoetrope as well as a long, looped strip of paper or canvas stretched around two parallel rollers somewhat similar to film and a theater-like frame much like the later praxinoscope.
In his patent and his explanatory pamphlet for the stroboscopic discs, Simon Stampfer emphasized the importance of the interruptions of the beams of light reflected by the drawings, while a mechanism would transport the images past the eyes at an appropriate speed.
The pictures had to be constructed according to certain laws of physics and mathematics, including the systematic division of a movement into separate moments. He described the idea of persistence of vision only as the effect that made the interruptions invisible. He suggested that the illusion was "rather a mental than a retinal phenomenon". Early theories of persistence of vision were centered on the retina, while later theories preferred or added ideas about cognitive brain centered elements of motion perception.
Many psychological concepts of the basic principle of animation suggested that the blanks in between the images were filled in by the mind. Max Wertheimer proved in that test subjects did not see anything in between the two different positions in which a figure was projected by a tachistocope at the speed that was ideal for the illusion that it was only one figure moving from one position to the next.
Of the 50 days it was eligible for the TRL top 10 video countdown, it was at number one 19 times, including on its last day, June 1. She shot the video in Los Angeles. I usually tell the story, like with ' Hazel Eyes ' and the same with ' Because of You ,' but this one we wanted to make a bit more fun. I don't want to give it away, but it's a very funny video. It opens with alarm clock waking up at several times and video is shown Clarkson singing "Walk Away" live.
During the bridge section, a man gets out the car and dances by the traffic and singing along. Another man sings along in a car, and he eventually gets out of the car to dance, holding up traffic. The video is intercut with shots of Clarkson performing the song with her band.
Clarkson has performed the song in eight of her concert tours. Later, Clarkson performed the track on the My December Tour — It was the first Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix) song to be performed. When Clarkson performed the song on her most recent tour, the 12th Annual Honda Civic Tourwhere she was a special guest for Maroon 5she and her music director changed the arrangement to make it sound more jazzy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. February 14, MTV News. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 11, Should the protagonist complete her final 'dating' request, Elizabeth will reveal that she has fallen in love with the protagonist. She stops the relationship there, however, to stop herself from forgetting her duties in the Velvet Room.
However, before her departure, she asks the protagonist in his bedroom to "walk her through it" before returning to the Velvet Room. As the male protagonist, she is forced to be Igor's assistant as it is impossible for the male protagonist to choose Theo. She can still appear as Igor's assistant in the Velvet Room in the female protagonist path if the appropriate choice is made.
Aside from her usual requests, she will also tell the protagonist when there is a person who is stranded inside Tartarus within a set range of floors.
She can fall in love with the protagonist regardless of their gender. Elizabeth retains her role in the playable epilogue of Persona 3. However, throughout the events of The AnswerElizabeth tries to cheer Aigis up from her grief regarding the protagonist's death. Upon learning the nature of the Abyss of TimeElizabeth remarks that Aigis has finally found her answer, and that her Journey is about to end.
In Igor's absence, she appears to manage the Velvet Room herself. The player can also purchase items and equipment from her. The Protagonist can also talk to her and Elizabeth writes a short poem about the Nightmare Hour and Oneiros. In Persona 4 it is revealed that Elizabeth has an older sister, who is revealed to be Margaretthe assistant of Igor in Persona 4.
Through the protagonist's conversation with Margaret, Margaret states that she is disturbed by Elizabeth's abrupt decision to leave the Velvet Room, who had left during the time gap between The Answer and Persona 4and hopes to bring her back. However, Margaret, who also begins to question her existence, believes that she should discover her true self as well, and gives the protagonist an invitation, challenging him to a fight.
Should the protagonist accept Margaret's challenge and defeat her, Elizabeth's motive of leaving the Velvet Room would later be revealed to be attempting to free the soul of the protagonist of Persona 3 from the seal of Nyx.
Additionally, it seems that Elizabeth and Margaret have fought against each other as Margaret says, "How marvelous Even Elizabeth never backed me this far into a corner. In Persona 4 Golden however, her description is more vague compared to the original.
Margaret does not mention information about Elizabeth being her sister, but still calls out her name when Magaret's HP is down to a certain degree. Elizabeth appears in Persona 4 Arenawith Thanatos as her Persona. While continuing on her "journey," she somehow makes her way to the Midnight Channel. After enlightening Labrys that she is under the control of her shadow, reuniting with Aigis and meeting up with Yu Narukami and the other Persona users, she gains the Fool Arcanasignifying the start of a new journey for her, especially after seeing the power of the bonds between the members of the Investigation Team and recalling that of SEES as well.
She is deeply involved with both Yu and Aigis' stories, where she tests their abilities with the Wild Card before she strengthens their waning resolves, and lets them proceed to the Announcement Room.
In return, both serve as key characters in hers, where they help her understand the true nature of the Wild Card, hoping that something that may help her in her journey may be found in both the mechanical girl and the young man. She is also the sole boss in Labrys' story.
Elizabeth's story mode starts with her destroying Erebus with Thanatos, though she laments that it will eventually reform after a year. She then senses multiple Persona users gathering in the Midnight Channel, which catches her attention. She thinks that if she investigates this unusual phenomenon, she may be able to find a way to permanently destroy Erebus, allowing her to free the soul of the protagonist of Persona 3 from the Great Seal. She then finds herself in the middle of a strange tournament, where, much to her disappointment, she is not considered to be part of due to her sudden appearance.
During the events of the game, she is at first more interested in finding General Teddie to formally join the tournament rather than put a stop to it. She encounters Labrys early in her journey, and taking pity on her, she subconsciously reminds her of the incongruity of her humanity, so that she may be able to figure out the truth of her identity on her own.
However, Labrys had also reminded her of the very last guest she had hosted during her stay in the Velvet Room, who was also another mechanical maiden, who she had also sensed to be present in the fake school as well, much to her glee and excitement. Elizabeth decides to pay her guest a visit, with the hope of finding something crucial to her journey within her.
She encounters Teddie along the way, who tells her about his "Sensei," who had somehow reminded her of the guest she is currently pursuing. Although Elizabeth realizes that even if "Sensei" and her last guest are unlikely to be the same person, she thinks that they may be linked to each other somehow. Elizabeth then decides Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix) find this "Sensei," her curiosity in him piqued as well.
She eventually catches up with her old guest, who is revealed to be none other than Aigisangrily confronting General Teddie on the monitor. However, she then detects a distinct presence in him that is exactly like that of Aigis; Elizabeth realizes that Yu is also a wielder of the Wild Card, and is the next person after Aigis to be welcomed into the Velvet Room and avail of its services, making him the mechanical girl's successor, confirming her suspicions and furthering her excitement. However, Elizabeth also learns that unlike Aigis, Yu had received assistance from Margarether older sister, as she had left Velvet Room not long after Aigis finished her contract with the Velvet Room and before Yu signed his.
She challenges the two Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix) during her encounters with them in hopes of finding her answer, telling them to fight her as if they intend to kill her. Despite having grown significantly and formidably stronger since their past ordeals, both Aigis and Yu ultimately fail to defeat Elizabeth. Although impressed with their skills, she realizes that their prowess in combat was not actually what she was looking for, and laments that she may actually never find her answer.
Yu, however, is determined to show her the true power of the Wild Card. After the rest of the Investigation Team arrives to support him after seeing him injured, an immense power emanating from the group begins to overpower Elizabeth, causing her to back away and lose her balance.
However, Aigis, who was watching from afar the entire time, finally decides to intervene at this point. Aigis catches the falling Elizabeth, Aigis then kindly explains to a baffled Elizabeth that it is actually the power of the Investigation Team's bonds, a power she herself is very familiar with, and it did not only belong to Yu, but rather to the team as a whole. After remembering how Aigis and the protagonist of Persona 3 had also performed incredible feats through their bonds and recalling a past conversation with Margaret, she finally realizes that the true nature of the Wild Card is a power that relies not only on its wielder's strength, but rather on the bonds that they had forged with others.
Elizabeth concludes that she should not only study Yu or Aigis alone, but also the people they have formed bonds with. She briefly thanks both guests of the Velvet Room for their help and cheerfully bids everyone farewell before departing the Midnight Channel to continue on with her journey, leaving an angry yet confused Investigation Team behind.
Aigis then calms the Investigation Team down and tells everyone that their leader is merely exhausted and is in no danger. The group realizes that Elizabeth is unlikely to be the culprit Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix) the case, and they let her be. In the collective unconsciousness, as Elizabeth contemplates on what she has learned from the two heroes, she realizes that alone, she will never be able to achieve the miracle she is seeking, but if she somehow forges her very own bonds, then they may be able to shed some light on her search.
Elizabeth also learns that if she wishes to achieve something so immense, she will have to be just as resolved as Aigis, Yu and her old guest had been. Upon these revelations, she finally gains her own resolve, enabling her to gain her very own Fool Arcanasignifying the start of her own journey, hoping that one day, she will be able to encounter her two predecessors once again sometime in her journey.
It is revealed in Aigis' story mode that Elizabeth's relationship with her is the same as that of Yu and Margaret. Elizabeth is highly protective of Aigis and is concerned for her well-being, even though she will also not show it to her at first. Like Margaret, Elizabeth will also go out of her way just to ensure that her guest will not be led astray from the right Dark Deceptions (Cafe Mix).
She also employs the same methods that Margaret used with Yu whenever Aigis is also on the verge of giving in to the illusions and deceptions the enemy has faced her. However, a key difference between their relationships is how they interact during ordinary circumstances; unlike Margaret, who treats Yu professionally and politely but with an air of authority, Elizabeth is silly, bubbly and quite casual towards Aigis, treating her as an old friend rather than a guest of the Velvet Room.
Elizabeth is a rather unique character. She controls the battlefield with quicker but less powerful versions of the cast's various skills, which in turn are mainly the skills she uses when she is fought in Persona 3. Also, Thanatos' own moves are based on a combination of Athena 's launches, Ariadne 's trapping and drawing moves, Caesar 's knockout moves and Take-Mikazuchi 's grabs. In addition to this, she is also capable of inflicting all of Teddie's status ailments on the enemy minus Rage.
She uses her cards and Thanatos' feral attacks at close range and inflicts a wide array of status ailments with many of her attacks. Unique to Elizabeth, she possesses the passive skill Invigorate which constantly increases her SP Gauge over time. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. S Navy guided-missile destroyer. Detroit Proud Playlist: Dally In The Alley Dally in the Alley is the go-to event of the summer to discover your new favorite local headliner or underground group.
Sorry Suzanne - The Hollies - The Dutch Collection (CD), Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight) - ABBA - The Singles (The First Ten Years) (Vinyl, LP), My Direction - Venus II - Inside Your Sun (CDr, Album), Never, Neverland - Annihilator (2) - Never, Neverland (CD, Album), A Little Silence Before The Memories Of The Early Works - Calm - Shadow Of The Earth (CD, Album), Satisfy The Jones - Hazy Malaze - Hazy Malaze (CD, Album), Black-Eyed Katy - Phish - Livephish 12.30.97 Madison Square Garden, New York, NY (CD, Album), Loving Cup - The Rolling Stones - Exile On Main St. (Cassette, Album), Smoke On The Water, Allied - Arts & Science EP (Vinyl)